Posted by Liz Earle Beauty Co.
February 3, 2019
| 4 min read
Hormones are probably the biggest factor determining how our skin looks and feels on a daily basis. In part two of our series on hormones and skin, we look at the changes that occur in your 40s, 50s, 60s and beyond, suggesting ways to support skin health and wellbeing as you navigate change.
What’s happening… in your 40s
Your skin feels dry and the texture has changed Most women will experience perimenopause – the transitional pre-menopausal state – in their 40s. A steady decline in oestrogen, coupled with changes in levels of other key hormones, can signal an array of skin changes. Many women experience much drier skin in their 40s as well as a change in texture as levels of testosterone (responsible for sebum regulation) and oestrogen (which governs collagen production) fluctuate or diminish.
And existing damage is more visible Unfortunately in your 40s the past starts to catch up with your skin! Sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles all become more pronounced as cellular turnover slows – an unavoidable fact of intrinsic ageing – and the growth hormones that help repair our skin, keeping it plumped and smooth, start to decrease.
How to help
Incorporate targeted products like a firming face serum and eye cream into your routine, while also reassessing the basics, to ensure you’re providing the skin with optimum nourishment and protection.
Upgrade your moisturiser. Our Superskin™ Moisturisers are made with pure plant oils for a richer texture and are high in skin-nourishing essential fatty acids to visibly reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Exfoliate regularly. Aim for 2-3 times a week to give the skin a helping hand as cell turnover starts to naturally slow down. The fine texture of our Gentle Face Exfoliator* means it won’t drag or scratch the skin.
Apply SPF religiously. Sun exposure is the main cause of premature ageing, so wear a broad-spectrum SPF of at least factor 15 daily, increasing to factor 30-50 during the summer months.
What’s happening… in your 50s, 60s and beyond
You're feeling red-faced The hormonal changes that happen during and after the menopause can significantly change the way skin acts and reacts. Hot flushes – where hormones cause the body temperature to spike suddenly for anywhere up to 5 minutes – mean that redness, flushing and increased sensitivity can all manifest in your 50s and beyond.
Wrinkles appear deeper Falling oestrogen levels, which occur during menopause, affect the distribution of fat around the body, so it’s common to experience a loss of volume in the face, neck, chest and hands. Coupled with the continued decline in collagen and elastin synthesis skin will eventually start to sag. This is made worse by UV exposure, hence the reason it’s common to experience ‘crepey’ skin on the exposed neck and chest too.
Your skin feels less resillient As hormones dip and blood flow to the capillaries reduces during the menopause, less nutrients and oxygen are made available to the skin, which contributes to an overall thinning and loss of resilience. This newfound vulnerability can also affect the skin’s barrier function meaning that it’s much more easily dehydrated and damaged with slower healing times.
How to help
Protect sensitised skin. Adequate sun protection is vital at any age – however, if your skin is on the sensitive side, some SPF’s can irritate. Try to choose you formula carefully, looking for mineral based sunscreens, which act as a physical block on the skin. Use a gentle cleanser and light cream moisturiser to avoid overloading the skin. Products that contain simple, natural ingredients are recommended.
Be prepared. To leave skin feeling refreshed when you’re feeling flushed, keep a travel size Instant Boost™ Skin Tonic – made with cooling cucumber and quenching aloe vera – in your bag. It’s also worth taking the time to analyse your triggers, hot drinks and spicy food are often cited as common culprits.
Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate. Key to your skin’s health at any age, drinking plenty of water can help improve the appearance of lines and wrinkles. Double up with water-rich foods like fruit and vegetables to ensure cells receive the optimum hydration.
Don’t neglect your neck down. Exposed skin on your neck, chest and hands will be experiencing similar symptoms to your face, so your skincare routine needs to allow for this. Look for naturally firming formulas like our Superskin™ Bust & Neck Treatment made with firming kigelia extract, mangosteen and quince to help rejuvenate skin that’s lost elasticity and firmness.
Discover how hormones affect skin from your teens to your 30s in Part 1 of our skin and hormones series.